Senin, 17 Agustus 2009

banten history

Based on the record, this kingdom has two main ports, Port of Kalapa, now known as Jakarta, and Banten Port. Of some data on the remaining Banten, can be known, from the start location is not in the coastal beach, but about 10 Kilometers to enter the mainland, in the riverside Cibanten, in the southern city of Serang now. This region is known by the name "Banten cheerful" or Banten in the river above, the name is given based on the geographical position. Most likely, the lack of documentation about Banten, Banten position because of the port as an important and strategic in the archipelago, a new dynasty took place after the entry of Islam in the beginning of the century to 16. Location Map Banten glad Research conducted in the location of Banten cheerful in 1988 on the program Ekskavasi Franco - Indonesia, to find the point of light history akan Banten. Although the limited research, but many found the new evidence. At a time can be ascertained that the presence of Banten was far more of the original estimates with the finding that new evidence Banten already in the beginning of the century to 11 - 12 BC. Banten already at that time is an important residential area that has been marked with a bunker surrounded by and supported by various craftsmen from the cloth, ceramics, of iron, copper, gold and jewelry manik manik glass. Specie (coins) have been used as a means of payment, and international relations have been involved with China, Indochina Peninsula, and some regions in India. Location Banten Banten rejoice rejoice: a hermitage carved in stone in the hills of concrete, there is no final decision can be taken before more research is done, but can be ascertained that the presence of Banten has lasted very long and theory that exists at the start of Islam in the Kingdom of terbentuknya Banten, no longer can be maintained. Portuguese nation has documented the existence of Banten and its surroundings in the early 16 th century, more than 15 years before the Islamic kingdom of Banten form. After the Malacca in the year 1511, the Portuguese started trading with the nations of Sunda. Their main interest is in the Lada that there are many on both sides of the Selat Sunda. Chinese is also very interested in this type of seasoning spices, Jung and their ship was sailing to the port of Sunda every year to buy pepper. Although the Kingdom of Pajajaran still standing, but his power began to wane. This weakness does not escape the attention of the Islamic Kingdom of Demak. Several decades before the kingdom of Demak was the eastern part of Java island, and at that time was also intended to control the port of Sunda. Sundanese community, seriously consider the expansion of Islam, see the community growing Islamic scholars and traders who have a more important role in the port city of "Hindu". Facing this threat, Banten Authority, either on its own initiative or on the Pakuan permission, apply to the Portuguese in Malacca, which has repeatedly come to trade Banten. Banten authority in the eyes, the Portuguese offer protection ganda; Portuguese nation is anti-Islamic, and marine fleet is very strong and the waters around Banten. Banten, on the other hand, may offer the commodity for the Portuguese pepper. Negotiations began this year in 1521 BC. Year of our Lord 1522, Portuguese in Malacca, which is aware of the importance of this matter, Banten to send envoys, led by Henrique Leme. Agreement made between both parties, instead of protection is given, Portuguese will be given access to unlimited supply of pepper, and permitted to build a fort near the coast in Tangerang. Kemurah hatian a very high this underlines the high level of difficulty faced Banten. Elections creating a stronghold in the area of Tangerang not doubt for two reasons: first, that Portuguese ships that can sail out of Demak, and the second to hold that a Portuguese fleet of very strong at the time, not too close to the city of Banten. Application of this agreement is an agreement of power that is not limited to the Portuguese. Five years is long passed, before the fleet finally arrived in the Portuguese coastal Banten, under the command of Francisco de Sa, who will be responsible for building the fort. Meanwhile, the political situation has changed very Portuguese fleet, and so failed to move closer to the mainland. A theologian who is now known as Sunan Gunung Jati, a native of Pasai, northern Sumatra after living some time in Mecca and Demak, at that time had settled in Banten cheerful, with the main objective to spread the teachings of Islam. Although initially his arrival well received by the otoriti, but he will still ask Demak send troops to take control when he Banten rate appropriate time. And is puteranya, Hasanudin, who led the military operation in Banten. Islam took over power in 1527 coincided with the arrival M Portuguese fleet. Aware of the existence of the agreement between the Portuguese authorities with the previous, Islamic prevent anyone to come to Banten. The control seems to be Muslim at the same time the second major port of Sunda, Banten and Kalapa namely, control of which no more can be rejected by Pakuan. As has been previously done in Central Java, The Muslim, now is a new social class, who holds political power in Banten, which has also previously held economic power. Son of Sunan Gunung Jati, Hasanudin dinobatkan Banten as Sultan by Sultan Demak, who also wed adiknya with Hasanudin. Thus, a new dynasty have at the same time established a new kingdom. And selected as Banten Kingdom new capital

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